Acne & Acne Scarring

Ocean Cosmetics understand how distressing it can be to suffer from acne, especially as an adult.

Acne is a highly prevalent medical condition (most commonly “acne vulgaris”) of the skin, most common in adolescents, although can occur at any age. It is suggested that up to 50% of adults experience acne at some point, with much higher rates in adolescence and young adulthood.

Acne results from the oil glands at the base of hair follicles (called sebaceous glands) being stimulated by hormones triggered during the onset of puberty. The follicles become blocked with oil (“sebum”), dead skin cells, trapped hair and normal skin bacteria – resulting in acne. The severity of acne can vary widely, from mild cases to severe, painful nodules and cysts, which often results in scarring.

There are a number of more severe forms of acne that may develop, which we can further explain. These include cystic acne (usually caused by opening pimples to bacterial infection, causing deeper damage), and inflammatory acne conditions.

We are experienced at successfully treating acne, so don’t hesitate, call us today and let us help you.

The Symptoms

Blackheads, whiteheads, papules (lumps under the skin) and pustules (pimples) are all acne symptoms. As bacteria invade the follicle from the surface of the skin, the immune system swings into action to fight the infection, causing inflammation, which manifests as redness, swelling and pain.

The Causes

There are a number of factors that may be involved in the development in acne in some people, but there are no hard and fast rules. There are a number of “triggers” associated with the onset of acne, including certain medications, some diseases (e.g. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome), stress, smoking, the use of skin products (e.g. moisturiser, sunscreen, make-up) and the hormonal changes associated with menstruation in women.

Other factors such as genetics (making some people more likely to develop acne if there is a family history) and friction against the skin (e.g. wearing a helmet or tight clothing, or scrubbing and squeezing pimples) can cause and sometimes even worsen existing acne.

It was long believed that diet had a significant role in the development of acne, but this has mostly been disproven. There is conflicting advice and evidence regarding the role of high-fat and high-sugar foods. However, recent reviews of all available research supports diets high in protein and low in refined carbohydrates and processed foods to reduce the risk of developing and worsening acne.